The disorder of the skin in which white patches are formed on it is known as vitiligo. It can affect any part of the body and is treatable. Vitiligo may also affect the eye and mucous membrane such as tissue inside of the nose and mouth.
Causes of Vitiligo-
The skin gets its specific color from the pigment, Melanin. Due to the damage of the Melanocytes, pigment forming cells, skin may lose its color and gain Vitiligo. Though there is no specific reason for the destruction of Melanocytes cells, but many doctors suggest that it may be due to the immune system. Though the probability of suffering from Vitiligo is same for every color skin, but this condition has been noticed more in dark color skin people. Vitiligo may be also the result of emotional distress or sun burn
Symptoms of Vitiligo-
The main symptom of Vitiligo is the loss of the natural color of skin on some area of skin. These white patches on the skin may be stable for a certain period of time. After some time, the person may notice progression in the occurrence of the white patches on the skin. Vitiligo normally occurs on body folds, skin near body opening, skin area unprotected from the Sun, area around moles, skin area that have suffered injury. It is also noticed in hair and eyelids.
Risk of Vitiligo-
According to survey statistic, about 2% of the population suffers from Vitiligo. It can develop in any age, but mostly, the condition of vitiligo develops in the age of 10 to 30 years and the person may develop the disorder before the age of 40. The risk of vitiligo is equal in both females and males.
A person having a family history of vitiligo or of early graying of hair has more chances of developing vitiligo. Another factor that increases the risk of vitiligo is the condition of autoimmune disease such as autoimmune thyroid diseases.
Diagnosis of Vitiligo-
The diagnosis of vitiligo is conducted by physical examination of the skin. White patches and the loss of natural color of skin when sustained for a long time, is the main symptom of vitiligo.
Treatment of Vitiligo-
Vitiligo can neither be prevented nor cured. Though there are many ways available for the treatment of Vitiligo to lower the effects and appearance of Vitiligo such as skin grafting, cosmetic, UV light therapy, depigmentation of unaffected area of skin, corticosteroid creams can be used as well.
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